Mount Olympus is famous throughout the world for its history, its cultural significance and its ecological treasures as well as its place in mythology. An entire Greek ecosystem is contained within its graded heights. It is the highest mountain in Greece, rising to 2,918 meters, with a lengthy Alpine belt above 2,500 m. and more than 10 peaks exceeding 2650 m. The highest peaks are Mytikas (2,918 m.) followed by Skolio (2911 m.) and Stephani (2909 mIn 1938 Olympus was declared a “National Forest” and in 1981 its worldwide importance was declared an “International Area of outstanding environmental significance to the biosphere”. Each year the mountain attracts thousands of visitors from all over the world. Olympus was the first mountain in Greece to be afforded protection under legislation, which awarded it the status of a “National Park”, this being ratified in 1985 under new regulations concerning places of outstanding natural beauty. In 1981, under the auspices of The International Committee for Mankind and the Biosphere, the National park was recognized as an “area of international importance for the environment of mankind”. Olympus is held up worldwide as an example of a protected ecosystem. It is dedicated to the protection of the natural habitat of this vast resource of plant and animal wildlife, and is available for scientific research in the worldwide service of mankind Their guide, Christos Kakalos from Litochoro, became the first official guide to the mountain. Many visitors have climbed to the peak since this time, and more than 25,000 mountaineers from all over the world conquer the summit each year.